30 APRIL 2020 | Authors: Hasan Ali Khan, Aliya Iqbal Naqvi
As a Sufi order, the Rifa’iyya is better identified with Iraq, its birthplace, and with parts of Anatolia and the Levant. But, a branch of the order, retaining its pre-modern organizational structure, is also based in the city of Karachi. This particular branch has strong connections to the coastal areas and the hinterland of Pakistani Baluchistan, Iranian Baluchistan, and the northern coast of Oman. In addition, it has followers on the east African coast and in South Africa.