Dr. Melike Şahinol

Tel: +90 212 293 60 67 / 133
Mail: sahinol@oiist.org

 

Melike Şahinol (Dr. rer. soc.) is a Senior Research Fellow at the Orient-Institut Istanbul affiliated with the Max Weber Foundation and head of the research area »Human, Medicine and Society«.  Şahinol studied sociology, political science, and psychology at the University of Duisburg-Essen and received her doctorate in 2015 in sociology at the Eberhard-Karls Universität Tübingen. Sponsored by a three-year scholarship at the DFG Research Training Group Bioethics at Eberhard-Karls University in Tübingen (Germany), Şahinol examined the adaptation of humans and machines in neuroscience in particular Brain Machine Interfaces in patients with chronical stroke. With the context of her PhD project, she was involved in several international research projects in Neuroscience and Neurotechnolgy and has conducted ethnographic studies in hospitals, laboratories, and during various brain surgeries.

Şahinol received several grants and fellowships, including one at the program on »Science, Technology and Society« (STS) at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Her research interests lie in the field of Sociology of Technology and the Body, Medical Sociology and Crip Technoscience. In her current project »Additive Manufacturing: Enabling Technologies in the Childhood« she analyses the development of 3D printed prosthesis for children and disability beyond the technological fix narrative form a Crip Technoscience perspective.

Şahinol led the founding of the Turkish Scholarly Network for Science and Technology Studies (STS TURKEY). The founding meeting took place on 3-4 October 2017 at the OII. As one of the co-coordinators, she co-organized several conferences and STS workshops in order to make STS more transparent and inclusive also for supporting young scholars in Turkey. She continues to provide contributions to the establishment of STS in Turkey.

Science and Technology Studies (in particular the development and use of innovative medical technologies and their consequences)

Sociology of the body, Human Enhancement, cultural forms of self-expressivity, transformations of the human body (socio-bio-technical adaptations and ensembles)

Bio(technology)policy in Turkey, economies of life and the impact of biogeopolitics

Practices and processes in knowledge networks (currently: Makerspaces and Do-It-Yourself as drivers of innovation)

Additive Manufacturing: Enabling Technologies during Childhood

Cartography of Hair:y_less Masculinities. A comparison between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Republic of Turkey

Digital Health Data between Social Inclusion and Social Robustness (as research partner)

Neuroenhancement: Practices and Techniques

Blurred Boundaries of Assistive Reproduction Technologies

Continuation or New Beginning? Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) and Technology Assessment (TA)

01/21/2020 “3D-printed Prosthesis and Empowerment in the Childhood”, Workshop: „Technology and the Body: Care, Empowerment and the Fluidity of Bodies“, Orient-Institut Istanbul

01/14-16/2020 “STS’de Niteliksel Yöntemler ve Nitel Veri Analizi”, STS TURKEY Science, Technology and Society Winter School 2020, METU Design Factory, Ankara. Supporters: Bilkent Üniversitesi, ODTÜ Tasarım Fabrikası.

26/10/2019: “The human as a part of an endless input-process-output (IPO) action loop on the example of Brain-Machine Interface research in chronic stroke rehabilitation, 5th Turkish-German Frontiers of Social Science Symposium 2019: Where do we go? Turkey and Germany and the Digital Revolution, Alexander von Humboldt-Foundation, Mercator Foundation and Koç University, October 24-27, 2019, Leipzig (Germany).

10/13/2019: “Science Fiction Becomes Reality – Human Augmentation und Enhancement durch 3D-gedruckte Prothesen? turmdersinne-Symposium 2019: Bessere Menschen?
Technische und ethische Fragen in der transhumanistischen Zukunft, October 11-13, 2019, Nürnberg (Germany).

09/21/2019: “Siborg Eylemi: Tekno-serebral Öznenin Oluşumu”, IX. Ulusal Sosyoloji Kongresi, Toplum 4.0, 19-21 Eylül 2019, Ankara (Turkey)

09/11/2019 „Türkiye’de E-Sağlık ve Öz-Takip Teknolojileri“ with Gülşah Başkavak (Orient-Institut İstanbul), STS TURKEY 2019 conference 10-12 September 2019, Istanbul Technical University

09/05/2019: “Crippling the Transition to the Extraordinary? Enabling Technologies and Extra_Ordinarity”, 4S Annual MeetingInnovations, Interruptions, Regenerations’, September 4-7, 2019, New Orleans (Louisiana).

24/01/2019: Post(Phenomenology) and Human Technology Relations, STS TURKEY “Science, Technology and Society” Winter School 2019, organized by STS TURKEY coordination, supported by Orient-Institut Istanbul (Turkey)

28/11/2018: Opening Panel, 3rd National Conference on Applied Ethics (November 28-30, Turkish speaking conference), with following speakers: Prof. Dr. Çiler Dursun (Ankara University, Faculty of Communication), Prof. Dr. Gülriz Uygur (Ankara University, Faculty of Law) ve Prof. Dr. Nüket Örnek Büken (Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, History of Medicine and Ethics), Dr. Melike Şahinol (Orient-Institut Istanbul), moderator: Barış Parkan, METU, Department of Philsophy, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey).

28/11/2018: WorldCafé Quo vadis Human, Transhuman, Posthuman?, STS TURKEY with Middle East Technical University, Department of Philosophy and Applied Ethics (Ankara, Turkey), co-organization of the WorldCafé & table host “Human Enhancement Technologies”, 3rd National Conference on Applied Ethics (November 28-30, Turkish speaking conference), Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey).

10/4/2018: “‘Unless they do not build cyborgs’ Ethics missing the point of cyborg constitution in neuroscientific trials?”, 5th International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Health, Culture and the Human Body. Principles of Biomedical Ethics, Genetics and Human Enhancement (Istanbul, Turkey).

4/18/2018: “Enhancement und Vulnerabilität. Die Befragung von Kindern mit Prothesen aus dem 3D-Drucker,” Kick-Off Meeting Digitale Selbstvermessung zwischen Empowerment und neuen Barrieren of the project “Digitale Vulnerabilität zwischen Inklusion und sozialer Robustheit,” Hochschule Furtwangen University & Schrader Stiftung (Darmstadt, Germany)

12/13/2017: “Cyborgisches Handeln: Das techno-zerebrale Subjekt in der Handlungsschleife,” Jena Social Theory Colloquium, Mensch – Technik – Naturverhältnisse, Jena (Germany).

12/1/2017: “İnsan Geliştirme Teknolojileri, Beyin Bilgisayar Arayüzleri ve Siborg Konstitüsyonu,” Gelişim Günleri 6 – Yeni Dünya ve İnsan, Marmara University Psychology and Development Club, Istanbul (Turkey).

11/28/2017: “Responsible Research and Innovation in the Era of Human Enhancement Cultures,” Molecular Biology and Genetics, Istanbul Technical University (ITÜ MBG-MOBGAM) Seminerleri, Ayazağa Kampüsü, Istanbul (Turkey).

11/12/2017: “Brain Computer Interfaces: The ‘techno-cerebral subject’ as a bio-technical form of the cyborg,” Techno-Anthropology Lab (TANTlab), Aalborg University, Copenhagen (Denmark).

11/9/2017: “Family Policy in Germany and Turkey in the Age of Reproduction Medicine,” together with Anne-Kristin Kuhnt (University Duisburg-Essen), 5. European Congress on Family Science, Nov. 9-11, 2017, University of Vienna (Austria).

7/7/2017: CRISPR.kitchen Berlin German biohacker and maker gathering, presentation of 3D printed hand prosthesis, Berlin (Germany).

7/1/2017: “The Power of Inscription: First Phase of the Constitution of a Techno-Cerebral Subject”, 11th Annual European Network for Cinema and Media Studies Conference: Changing sensory regimes and emergent corpo-realities. Media. Bodies. Practices, 6/29-7/1/2017, Paris (France).

6/20/2017: 360°-Envisioning Workshop, European Parliament /Science and Technology Options Assessment Brussels, additive bio-manufacturing: 3D printing for medical recovery and human enhancement
(invited as expert), Brussels (Belgium).

6/4/2017: “The Human Genome Project in Turkey. (De)Coding Human from a Sociological Perspective.” Oriental Department and Department of Cultural and Social Anthropology/Univ. of Cologne Talking Colors in Turkey and Beyond, June 2-4, 2017, University of Cologne (Germany).

5/15/2017: Etik, Önleme ve Halk Sağlığı (Çalıştay), Acıbadem University School of Medicine, Department of History of Medicine and Ethics, Istanbul (Turkey).

4/6/2017: “Quo Vadis Human Reproduction? Reproductive Medicine as part of Human Enhancement Technologies in Germany and Turkey,” together with Anne-Kristin Kuhnt, conference Designobjekt Mensch? Transhumanismus in Theologie, Philosophie und Naturwissenschaften, katholisch-soziale Akademie Franz-Hitze Haus (Münster, Germany).

12/12/2016: “Nörobilimsel Araştırmalarda Insan-Makina/ Beyin-Bilgisayar Sembiozu Kapsamında Oluşan Siborg Üzerine,” Middle East Technical University, Department of Industrial Design, Ankara (Turkey).

12/12/2016: “İnsan Geliştirme = Tasarım x.0? Doğa ve Kültür İlişkileri,” Middle East Technical University, Department of Industrial Design, Ankara (Turkey).

11/22/2016: “‘This Is My Body! This Is My Business!’ Practices of Assisted Reproductive Technology and Blurring Boundaries in Turkey,” Yeditepe University, Medical Faculty Medical History and Ethics Department, Istanbul (Turkey).

11/21/2016: “Tıp ve Toplum: Sosyolojik Bir Bakış,” Beşikçizade Tıp ve İnsani Bilimler Merkezi (BETİM), Istanbul (Turkey).

11/2/2016: “Türkiye ve İnsan Geliştirme – Sosyolojik Bir Bakış” (Engl. “Turkey and Human Enhancement – A Sociological Perspective”), Lectures Series 2016/17 Designing Nature, Upgrading Human Life? How Medicine, Science and Technology transform our lives, Orient Institute Istanbul (Turkey).

10/12/2016: “Practices of Assisted Reproductive Technology in Turkey: Intercultural Aspects of RRI,” S.Net 2016, 8th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of New and Emerging Technologies: The Co-Production of Emerging Bodies, Politics and Technologies, Centre for the Study of the Sciences and the Humanities, University of Bergen (Norway).

10/7/2016: “Body@Human_Medicine@Society: A Comparison between Germany and Turkey,” International Conference Human : Non-Human – Bodies, Things, and Matter across Asia and Europe, Oct. 6-8, 2016, University of Zurich (Switzerland).

9/14/2016: “Reproduktionsmedizin – Deutschland und Türkei im Vergleich,” together with Anne-Kristin Kuhnt (University of Duisburg-Essen), Turkologentag 2016, Sept. 14-17, 2016, Hamburg (Germany).

9/14/2016: “eHealth und Privatheitskultur – Deutschland und die Türkei im Vergleich,” with Dennis Kirschsieper (University of Duisburg-Essen), Turkologentag 2016, Sept. 14-17, 2016 Hamburg (Germany).

7/6/2016: “Mensch-Maschine-Anpassung in den Neurowissenschaften,” Institute of Sociology, TU Berlin.

6/17/2016: “Brain-Machine-Interfaces: Zur Entstehung des techno-zerebralen Subjekts als eine bio-technische Gestalt des Cyborg,” presentation at the conference Upgrades der Natur, künftige Körper: Interdisziplinäre und internationale Perspektiven, Orient Institute Istanbul (Turkey).

6/17-18/2016: Conference moderation of Upgrades der Natur, künftige Körper: Interdisziplinäre und internationale Perspektiven, Orient Institut Istanbul (Turkey).

5/30/2016: “Die Privatheitskultur in Deutschland und der Türkei – untersucht an den Diskursen über Gesundheits-Apps,” with Dennis Kirschsieper (University of Duisburg-Essen), International Conference TA16: Smart New World – Was ist “smart” an smarten Technologien?, Vienna (Austria).

4/29/2016: “Zur Ko-Konstitution des techno-zerebralen Subjekt in den Neurowissenschaften als eine biotechnische Gestalt des/der Cyborg,” spring conference of the DGS-Section Soziologie des Körpers und des Sports: Transdifferente, hybride, diverse Aktant_innen*? Perspektiven auf Embodiment jenseits von Dualismen, Apr. 29-30, 2016, Munich (Germany).

5/19/2016: “Transhumanism, Human Enhancement Technologies and Islam,” Workshop 2/2016: Biography, Personal Identity, Ego, the Self, and Self-Transformation, in the framework of the collaborative research projects with the Orient Institut Istanbul and the Centre d’études turques, ottomanes, balkaniques et centrasiatiques (CETOBAC), EHESS Paris: New Religiosities in Turkey: Reenchantment in a Secularized Muslim Country?, Orient Institute Istanbul (Turkey).

11/26/2015: “Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) – Konzeptuelle Grundlagen,” poster presentation, with Richard Beecroft, Hannah Kosow, Nina Langen, Mandy Scheermesser, Philipp Späth, Katja Stoppenbrink, fall conference in the organizational sociology section of the DGS: Innovation ohne Ende? Organisationen in der Innovationsgesellschaft, Nov. 26-27, 2015, TU Berlin.

7/2/2015: “Keine Märchen vom Gedankenlesen. Mensch-Maschine-Symbiose in neurowissenschaftlichen Experimenten,” Extracurricular Studies, University of Furtwangen.

6/26/2014: “Collaborative Technologies and Practices in Transnational Projects of Software-Development – Preliminary Research Results,” with Ingo Schulz-Schaeffer and Matthias Bottel, Workshops: Transnational Labor Markets: Bridging Different Regulatory and Cultural Contexts, Institute for Sociology, University of Duisburg-Essen.

2/5/2014: “Changing Conceptions of Religion and Science in Turkey? The Case of Turkish Population Planning,” with Emre Sünter (Istanbul Kemerburgaz University / METU, Ankara), Institute for Sociology, University of Duisburg-Essen.

1/30/2013: “Prozesse der Grenzverwischung bei medizinischen Verfahren und Praktiken durch medizintechnische Innovationen,” Tag der Forschung 2013 im Rahmen des Profilschwerpunkts Wandel von Gegenwartsgesellschaften, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Duisburg-Essen.

10/30/2012: “Politics of Numbers? Food losses and food waste – the German discussion,” poster presentation with Nina Langen, Vordenken – mitdenken – nachdenken – Technikfolgenabschätzung im Dienst einer pluralistischen Politik, NTA5 – Network Technology Assessment (NTA) 5th conference with the jubilee of 20 years of TA-SWISS, Bern (Switzerland).

10/20/2012: “From Turkish Genome Project to Vision 2023: key attributes, actors, and the impact of biogeopolitics,” with Emre Sünter (Middle East Technical University of Ankara, Turkey), Annual Meeting of 4S – Society for Social Studies of Science and EASST – European Association for the Study of Science and Technology, Oct. 17-20, 2012, Copenhagen (Denmark).

6/26/2012: “Shifting science and technology by changing conceptions of religion and science in the case of Turkish Population Planning: Tube Babies and Abortion Ban,” with Emre Sünter (METU, Ankara, Turkey), 11th Annual Meeting of the Science and Democracy Network, June 25-27, 2012 in Paris, event organized by Harvard STS Program (Cambridge, MA) and IFRIS (Paris, France).

12/14/2011: “Mensch-Maschine-Symbiose in der experimentellen Neuromedizin,” Institute for Sociology, University of Duisburg-Essen.

6/25/2011: “‘Dual Use’ in neuroscience? The use of neuro-technologies in the neuro-medical research and in non-medical practice field of neuromarketing,” with Pantea Bashi, Workshop: The brain, the person, the social, ETH Zurich (Switzerland).

Monographs

Şahinol, Melike. Das techno-zerebrale Subjekt. Zur Symbiose von Mensch und Maschine in den Neurowissenschaften. transcript Verlag Bielefeld 2016.

Şahinol, M., Coenen, C., & Motika, R.  Upgrades der Natur, künftige Körper: Interdisziplinäre und internationale Perspektiven. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien 2018 (forthcoming).

Articles

—-. “My Cyborg Performance as a Techno-Cerebral Subject”. Modified: Living as a Cyborg. Eds. Chris Hables Gray, Steven Mentor and Heidi Figueroa Sarriera. Routledge 2020.

—-. eHealth applications in Knowledge Landscapes. Navigating Knowledge Landscapes: Digital Systems and Health Agency. Book series Health, Technology & Society. Eds. A. L. Svalastog, S. Gajovic & A. Webste. Palgrave Macmillan 2020.

—-. Posthumane Cyborgliebe? Die Anpassung des menschlichen Körpers an maschinelle Angebote im sexuellen Bereich. In O. Bendel (Ed.), Maschinenliebe. Liebespuppen und Sexroboter aus technischer, psychologischer und philosophischer Perspektive. Springer Verlag (forthcoming).

—- with Başkavak, G. Türkiye’de Biyomedikalizasyon: Sağlığın Dijitalleşmesi ve Öz-Takip Pratikleri. In A. Turanlı, M. Şahinol & A. U. Aydınoğlu (Eds.), Türkiye’de STS: Bilim ve Teknoloji Çalışmalarına Giriş. Istanbul: İTÜ Vakfı Yayınları (forthcoming).

—-. Collecting Data and the Status of the Research Subject in Brain-Machine Interface Research in Chronic Stroke Rehabilitation. In: Somatechnics 9.2-3 (2019): 244–263, Edinburgh University Press.

—-.  ‘Help, the monster is eating me!’ – Loss of control of the technical vs. harmonically acting bio-technical figure of the cyborg in experimental neuroscientific therapy. Monsters, Monstrosities, and the Monstrous in Culture and Society. Eds. D. Compagna & S. Steinhart. Vernon Press 2019, 197-213.

—- mit Aydınoğlu, Arsev &  Kaygan, Harun. “STS (in) Turkey as Extitution” In: EASST Review Volume 37(1) 2018.

—-. “Die Überwindung der ‘Natur des Menschen’ durch Technik. Körper-Technik-Verhältnisse am Beispiel der Cyborgkonstitution in den Neurowissenschaften”. Designobjekt Mensch? Transhumanismus in Theologie, Philosophie und Naturwissenschaften. Eds. B. P. Goecke & F. Meier-Hamidi. Freiburg / Basel / Wien 2018. 461-489.

—- with Kuhnt, A.-K. “Quo Vadis Fetura? Reproduktionstechnologien als Teil des Human Enhancement: Ein Ländervergleich zwischen Deutschland und der Türkei”. In B. P. Goecke & F. Meier-Hamidi (Eds.), Designobjekt Mensch? Transhumanismus in Theologie, Philosophie und Naturwissenschaften (pp. 429-459). Freiburg / Basel / Wien: Herder Verlag.

—-. “‘Help, the monster is eating me!’ – Loss of control of the technical vs. harmonically acting bio-technical figure of the cyborg in experimental neuroscientific therapy”. Anthology: Monsters and the Monstrous. Hrsg. Compagna, Diego; Steinhart, Stefanie. Vernon Press.

—-. “‘Jetzt ändere Dein Gehirn in diese Richtung!’ – Aneignungsprozesse der Steuerung von Hirnaktivität über das Brain-Computer Interface”. Knowledge in Action: Neue Formen der Kommunikation in der Wissensgesellschaft. Hrsg. Lettkemann, E.; Wilke, R.; Knoblauch, H. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2018. 213-237. (online)

—-. “Sheila Jasanoff: Wissenschafts- und Technikpolitik in zeitgenössischen, demokratischen Gesellschaften”. Schlüsselwerke der Science & Technology Studies. Hrsg. Lengersdorf, Diana;  Wieser, Matthias. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014. 293-303. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-531-19455-4_24

—- with Langen, Nina. “Mysterious numbers in the German discussion of household food waste”. Vordenken –mitdenken –nachdenken. Technologiefolgenabschätzung im Dienst einer pluralistischen Politik. Hrsg. Bellucci, Sergio; Bröchler, Stephan; Decker, Michael; Nentwich, Michael; Rey, Lucienne; Sotoudeh, Mahshid. Berlin 2014: Edition Sigma.

—-. “Wissen – Körper – Technik: Dynamiken im neurowissenschaftlichen und -technologischen Innovationsprozess”. Der Systemblick auf Innovation – Technikfolgenabschätzung in der Technikgestaltung, Gesellschaft-Technik-Umwelt. Hrgs. Decker, M.; Grunwald, A.; Knapp M. Berlin 2011: Edition Sigma.

—-. “Soziale Netzwerke und Technische Innovationen. Akteursstrategien zwischen Markt und Technikgenese am Beispiel des inHaus”. Soziotechnische Aspekte von Teleheimarbeit. Hrsg. Compagna, Diego. Lohmar-Köln 2007: Eul-Verlag. 163-191.

Blog contributions

Şahinol, Melike; Motika, Raoul. “Human Enhancement/İnsan Geliştirme, Christopher Coenen (ITAS-KIT) ile kısa bir söyleşi,” Orient-Institut Istanbul Blog, 5 June 2020, https://www.oiist.org/human-enhancement-insan-gelistirme-christopher-coenen-itas-kit-ile-kisa-bir-soeylesi/

Şahinol, Melike; Başkavak, Gülşah. “İnsan, Tıp ve Toplum alanındaki “E-sağlık: Türkiye’de Öz-Takip Cihazlarının Pratikleri ve Sosyo-Kültürel” başlıklı proje tamamlandı,” Orient-Institut Istanbul Blog, 30 April 2020, https://www.oiist.org/insan-tip-ve-toplum-alanindaki-e-saglik-tuerkiyede-oez-takip-cihazlarinin-pratikleri-ve-sosyo-kueltuerel-boyutlari-baslikli-proje-tamamlandi/

Conference Reports
Tagungsbericht “Geschichte(n) der Robotik,” Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Technikgeschichte 2009. In: Zeitschrift für Technikgeschichte. 2010. Also in: H-Soz-u-Kult, 5.8.2009 (with Sonja Petersen)

Conference Report “History of Robotics,”Annual Meeting of the German Society for the History of Technology (GTG) May 2009. In: Newsletter of the International Committee for the History of Technology ICOHTEC, No. 53, August 2009 (with Sonja Petersen)

Recent Interviews
Fünf Fragen an Melike Şahinol, Research Fellow, Orient-Institut Istanbul. In: TATuP – Zeitschrift für Technikfolgenabschätzung in Theorie und Praxis, TATuP 1/2018, (http://www.tatup.de/index.php/tatup/article/view/105/159)

Cyborgs, Klone und Mutanten? – Interview mit Melike Şahinol über aktuelle Transformationsprozesse in der Medizin, von Gesche Schifferdecker. WeberWorldCafé “Diversity – Limits and Opportunities” (11/28/2016).

Ich möchte Prozesse der Entgrenzung der Medizin im interkulturellen Vergleich untersuchen” – 5in10 mit Melike Şahinol, with Gesche Schifferdecker. In: TRAFO – Blog for Transregional Research, https://trafo.hypotheses.org/ (2/18/2016).