Douglas Mattsson, Södertörn University, Stockholm
Religious semiotic resources in black metal music and the evolvement of subcultures

Douglas Mattsson is a PhD student at the department of Religious Studies at Södertörn University in Stockholm, Sweden. His academic background is in the study of religion, and his research has mostly focused on youth and subcultures in Muslim majority societies and especially Turkey. He is currently working on his dissertation which is an ethnographic study of the Turkish black metal music scene. His dissertation will be the first major scholarly work that focuses on a subculture that has been present in Turkey since the early 1990s. In the general framework of his dissertation, Mattsson is particularly interested in how religious semiotic resources are utilized within the scene to communicate thoughts and opinions regarding religion in Turkey. His most recent publication includes chapters in the anthologies The Politics of Culture in Contemporary Turkey (Pierre Hecker, Ivo Furman (eds.) Edinburgh University Press, 2021) and Living Metal: Metal Scenes around the World (Bryan Bardine, Jerome Stueart (eds.) Intellect, 2021).

Sebastian Willert (Technische Universität Berlin)
Cultural Imperialism versus Protectionism? On the Role of Antiquities as a matter of conflict within the German-Ottoman Art Policy between 1890 and 1918

Extraction du Grand Sarcophage (no 7): Osman Hamdi Bey/Theodor Reinach: Une nécropole royale à Sidon. Fouilles de Hamdy Bey, Paris 1892, p. 60

On November 15, 1899, the German and Ottoman Empires concluded through an exchange of notes between the German Embassy and the Ottoman Foreign Ministry in Istanbul a treaty that was binding under international law. According to the Berlin museum representatives who initiated the agreement, it was intended to secure for the Royal Museums the export of ancient objects retrieved from archaeological excavations in the Ottoman Empire. However, the Müze-i Hümayun (Imperial Museum) did not accept the agreement and pursued various strategies to prevent it from being implemented. The dispute between German and Ottoman scholars dominated German-Ottoman cultural politics and culminated in interventions by Wilhelm II and Sultan Abdülhamid II.

Against the backdrop of divergent perceptions of the existence of the treaty and a growing rivalry over the possession of prestigious antiquities that became increasingly apparent in the 19th century, the dissertation project analyzes the role ancient objects played in German-Ottoman relations. To what extent did the export of objects and the related negotiations as well as the valorization of cultural property affect diplomatic relations? What strategies and methods did actors pursue to bring ancient objects and cultural property from the Ottoman Empire to Berlin? The focus is on the German and Ottoman actors, their discourses on the granting of excavation permits and the division of finds, the Ottoman Laws on Antiquities, and the bilateral tensions generating cultural objects and excavations themselves.